Common name: Saffron
Botanical name: Crocus sativus
Scientific name: Crocus
English name:saffron cress
Farsi name: زعفران
Arabic name:زَعْفرَان
Hindi name: केसर, ज़ाफ़रान Kesar, کیسر Zafran, Kisar
Urdu name:زعفران Zafran
Plant Type: Bulb

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Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Iridaceae
Genus: Crocus
Species:

C. sativus

 

Amount Per 100 grams
Calories 310% Daily Value*
Protein 11 g
Dietary fiber 3.9 g 15%
Total Fat 6 g 9%
Saturated fat 1.6 g 8%
Polyunsaturated fat 2.1 g
Monounsaturated fat 0.4 g
Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
Sodium 148 mg 6%
Potassium 1,724 mg 49%
Total Carbohydrate 65 g 21%

from the flower of Crocus sativus, commonly known as the “saffron crocus”. The vivid crimson stigma and styles, called threads, are collected and dried for use mainly as a seasoning and colouring agent in food. Saffron has long been the world’s most costly spice by weight.

Saffron contains chemicals that alter mood, kill cancer cells, decrease swelling, and act like antioxidants.

The quality, colour and taste of saffron are different in every country
saffron. Saffron flowers are now available in various boutique species in various parts of the world such as England, New Zealand, France and the United States. The premium quality saffron is grown in organic content and has a high amount of compounds like crocin and safranal. Such types of saffron threads might also have a potent aroma, flavour and different thread shape.
Kashmiri saffron is the most popular. It is also known as Lacha or Mongra. It is very difficult to obtain given the crop failures, weather extremities and droughts. It has dark maroon hue, which is also the world’s darkest hue for the crop.

Kashmiri saffron is the most popular. It is also known as Lacha or Mongra. It is very difficult to obtain given the crop failures, weather extremities and droughts. It has dark maroon hue, which is also the world’s darkest hue for the crop. No wonder, it also has strong aroma and colour.

1. Negin

Although Persian Sargol is considered as the premium saffron, there is another variation of Sargol Saffron. If three stigma threads are attached together and form a cluster, this type of saffron is called Negin. Since production of Negin saffron is an extremely delicate and precise manual skill, it is the most expensive type of saffron and very limited to offer.

2. Sargol (All Red)

This grade consists of ONLY dark red stigma tips and has the highest quality compared to the other types. Sargol saffron is the pure saffron with no broken stand and has the Persian Sargol has a very strong arom and rich coloring capacity.

3. Pushal (Mancha)

Pushal saffron is the stigma part of the plant attached to a 1-3 mm style end. According to ISO 3632 system, this type falls into grade II category that has a color reading of up to 250. Although Pushal does not have Sargol`s pure texture and premium quality, but some consumers prefer to purchase Iranian Pushal to be assured of saffron 

4. Khooshe (Bunch)

This grade is relatively low strength grade (ISO reading is 70 to 75) and consists of red stigmata plus large amount of yellow style, presented in a tiny bundle.

5. KONJ (Konge)

This grade consists of only yellow-white styles and has a very little aroma and coloring potential.

There are numerous health benefits of consuming Saffron. Listed below are some popular and wonderful benefits of Saffron ,

Menstruation relief:

Saffron has been discovered to assist ladies who have trouble with menstruation. Abnormal periods are something which some women have problems with and Saffron Tea is suggested like a menstruation inducer.It’s very powerful at this that it’s generally suggested that women that are pregnant shouldn’t take it since it is known to stimulate abortion in certain rare events.

Anti-Cancer Properties:

The rich, golden color of saffron tea originates from crocin, a chemical component within the flower which is packed with antioxidants. In accordance with Murray, crocin has got powerful anti-cancer effects against a large spectrum of cancers. The flavonoids present in crocin hinder human cancer cells and may possibly shrink tumor cells. Carotenoids, the natural pigments prompting the yellow hue present in saffron, protect the body from diseases, stress and viruses. Preparing saffron tea is easy. Make use of three threads of saffron or fewer.

Heart Diseases:

Saffron has got components which decrease cholesterol within the arteries. This really is another important health advantage of Saffron Tea as the building up of cholesterol within the arteries boosts the chance of heart diseases. It efficiently thins the blood and enables its cleansing as such. Ailments linked to the blood like stroke, heart attack are others become less prone to occur whenever Saffron Tea is used frequently.

Stomach pains:

Saffron reduces pain within the stomach. It’s been discovered to ease pain in mild and serious cases and regular intake helps prevent the appearance of such. It may also help to relief the chest as they can be utilized to induce vomiting. Therefore it serves as an expectorant that can help calm the stomach, chest and throat. 

High Blood Pressure:

Saffron has been discovered to reduce blood pressure. Crocetin is actually a compound which works on the blood pressure to lessen it and the Saffron leaves has this compound within its components. Frequent consumption of Saffron Tea keeps the issue of high blood pressure away.

Aphrodisiac:

Saffron is recognized to behave as an aphrodisiac. The leaves are considered as such as long as everyone can remember and their spice aids in the libido and premature ejaculation.

Saffron Tea has been discovered to be beneficial towards ailments just like asthma and heart burn. The health advantages are plenty and the more research continues, the more discoveries are being made with regards to its benefits.

Eyesight Protection:

A cupful of saffron might have the possibility to slow down blindness, in accordance with the article, “Saffron: Golden Secret of Clearer Sight” on the Inscience website. Research at the University of L’Aquila in Abruzzi, Italy, has generated saffron’s capability to protect vision cells thanks to its fatty acid content. When saffron is taken daily, the fatty acid content becomes tougher. Throughout the trial, eye charts showed remarkable progress by the patients. A daily cup of saffron tea protects the eye from bright light, and it’s also secure every day.

Colds and Respiratory Diseases:

As a spice, saffron helps clear the lungs. When you’ve got a cold or respiratory illness, your lungs become inflamed. Drinking saffron can help clear the phlegm from your lungs and aid a quicker recovery. Saffron likewise helps ease asthma by reduction of inflammation and clearing your airways.

Depression:

Saffron has been discovered to assist ladies who have trouble with menstruation. Abnormal periods are something which some women have problems with and Saffron Tea is suggested like a menstruation inducer.It’s very powerful at this that it’s generally suggested that women that are pregnant shouldn’t take it since it is known to stimulate abortion in certain rare events.

Possible Side Effects

Although saffron is considered safe for most people when consumed in the small amounts typically used in cooking, use of saffron or saffron supplements may trigger mild side effects. In smaller doses of 30 to 50 mg, which most studies used, side effects mostly include nausea, vomiting, dizziness, and dry mouth. Study authors report no significant difference between saffron and placebo when it comes to side effects.

As documented in traditional medicine, saffron had been used for abortion, and in high doses (five grams) it’s been shown to be able to induce uterine stimulants and have estrogenic effects in animals. As a result, you shouldn’t take saffron if you’re pregnant. In one study among healthy women, taking 400 mg of saffron daily for seven days caused abnormal uterine bleeding in two women.

Authors of one review study could not find any study on the interactions between different drugs and saffron. However, they suggest a cautious approach for using saffron in people under anticoagulant (blood-thinning)