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Bladder Irritation:

Bladder irritation causes discomfort due to inflammation—swelling, pain, tenderness, heat, or a functional problem or change—of the urinary bladder.

Leaking urine (incontinence).

Pain or a burning feeling before or after you urinate.
Blood in your urine.
Trouble starting to urinate.
Trouble emptying your bladder completely (also called urinary retention).
Feeling that you need to urinate badly or often.
Leaking a little urine when you sneeze or cough.
Bladder spasms, cramps, or discomfort in the pelvic area.
Remember that many of these symptoms may also be a sign of bladder or kidney stones.

Kidney infection

Kidney Stones

Low Urine Volume

up Urine Volume


Your urinary tract is made up of several parts, including your kidneys, bladder, and urethra. Sometimes bacteria can infect your urinary tract. When this happens, it’s called a urinary tract infection (uti).


a painful or burning sensation when urinating

feeling like you need to urinate often

bad-smelling urine

cloudy urine or urine with blood in it

passing only a small amount of urine even though you have to urinate frequently

abdominal discomfort

In addition to the symptoms above, there are some more specific symptoms that can indicate that your infection has moved into your kidneys. These symptoms can include:



pain that’s localized in your lower back or side

nausea or vomiting

Symptoms and treatment

Prompt treatment of bladder and kidney infections is important. If left untreated may result in chronic kidney damage. In most cases antibiotics taken by mouth effectively treat infections.

If you notice any of the following symptoms of a bladder or kidney infection contact your doctor immediately:

Passing of small amounts of urine at more frequent intervals, day and night

A burning discomfort or pain when passing urine


This is not an exhaustive list of symptoms and sometimes you may not even have any symptoms at all. If you notice that something isn’t right, always check with your معالج.

What to know about kidney infections:







Kidney infection, also known as renal infection or pyelonephritis, is a common type of urinary tract infection.

Bacteria often infect the bladder or the urethra and spreads to one of the kidneys.

Women are most commonly affected by kidney infection, as are pregnant mothers, children under 2 years of age, and individuals aged over 60 years.


Kidney infection can either be treated at home or in a hospital; this will depend on several factors, including the severity of symptoms and the patient’s general state of health.

Treatment at home consists of taking prescribed oral antibiotics. The patient should start to feel better after a few days.

Consuming plenty of fluids will help prevent fever and dehydration. Fluid intake recommendations may vary, depending on the type of infection.

The doctor may also prescribe an analgesic if there is any pain.

If the individual is treated in hospital and suffers from dehydration, fluids may be administered with a drip. Most cases of hospitalization do not last more than 3-7 days.

Subsequent urine and blood tests will tell the doctor how effective treatment has been.

The following factors are more likely to lead to treatment being administered in-hospital for kidney infection:


serious difficulties urinating

cancer and chemotherapy or radiotherapy

sickle cell anemia

a history of kidney infection


a blockage in the kidneys

being pregnant

severe pain

severe vomiting

being aged 60 years or older