Migraines سردرد
Depression ڈپریشن
Stroke…….. فالج
Epilepsy ……. مرگی
Epilepsy ……. مرگی
Epilepsy ……. مرگی
Epilepsy ……. مرگی
Epilepsy ……. مرگی
Epilepsy ……. مرگی
Epilepsy ……. مرگی

What are brain Disorders?

دماغی واعصاب امراض کیا ہیں؟

Your brain is your body’s control center.

It’s part of the nervous system, which also includes the spinal cord and a large network of nerves and neurons.

Together, the nervous system controls everything from your senses to the muscles throughout your body.

When your brain is damaged, it can affect many different things, including your memory, your sensation, and even your personality. Brain disorders include any conditions or disabilities that affect your brain. This includes conditions that are caused by:

دماغی صحت کے بغیر ایک مکمل صحت مند زندگی کا تصور ممکن ہی نہیں کیونکہ دماغ انسانی جسم میں ’’کنٹرول روم‘‘ کی حیثیت رکھتا ہے، اگر دماغ کی کارکردگی درست نہیں تو کسی بھی شخص کے معمولاتِ زندگی بری طرح متاثر ہوتے ہیں۔

ہمارا دماغ اور اعصابی نظام ہماری صحت اور ہماری زندگی کے ہر پہلو کو لفظی طور پر متاثر کرتا ہے۔ نیو ہیلتھ کے عصبی سائنس کے ماہرین درد کو دور کرنے ، فنکشن کو بحال کرنے اور دماغ اور اعصاب کی جسمانی اسامانیتاوں کو درست کرنے اور ہر سال سیکڑوں مریضوں کے معیار زندگی کو بہتر بنانے کے لئے کام کرتے ہیں

What is a stroke?

فالج کیا ہے؟

A stroke occurs when the blood supply to the brain is interrupted, causing neurons (brain cells) to die. A stroke occurs when a blood vessel, which carries oxygen- and nutrient-rich blood to the brain, is either blocked (an ischaemic stroke) or bursts

فالج پاکستان کا چوتھا بڑا مرض بن جائے گا ماہرین دماغ و اعصاب نے کہا ہے کہ پاکستان میں ائندہ برسوں میں فالج چوتھی بڑی بیماری بن جائے گا پاکستان میں فالج کے حملے کا شکار ہونے والے کم ازکم 22 فیصد افراد یا تو موت کے منہ میں چلے جاتے ہیں یا پھر معذور ہوجاتے ہیں


Common stroke symptoms and signs

Sudden headache

Difficulty speaking or swallowing

Confusion or trouble understanding speech

Vision loss or blurry vision in one or both eyes

Weakness or numbness in the face, arm or leg

Dizziness, loss of balance, lack of coordination

Facial Paralysis لقوہ

What is Depression?

ڈپریشن کیا ہے ؟

Depression, or major depressive disorder, is characterised by excessively negative views of yourself, the world, and the future. People with depression also have difficulty experiencing pleasure in the ways they normally would.

What are the symptoms of Depression?

physical, emotional, and cognitive, including: Prolonged low mood, loss of interest in pleasurable activities, withdrawal from social activities, frequent feelings of fatigue or loss of energy, feelings of worthlessness or guilt, difficulty concentrating, making decisions, significant weight loss or gain, or change in appetite, insomnia or hypersomnia, recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, or attempted suicide.

Brain tumor

Brain tumor is a mass or growth of abnormal cells in your brain.

Many different types of brain tumors exist. Some brain tumors are noncancerous (benign), and some brain tumors are cancerous (malignant). Brain tumors can begin in your brain (primary brain tumors), or cancer can begin in other parts of your body and spread to your brain.

How quickly a brain tumor grows can vary greatly. The growth rate as well as location of a brain tumor determines how it will affect the function of your nervous system.

Brain tumor treatment options depend on the type of brain tumor you have, as well as its size and location.


If it’s suspected that you have a brain tumor, your doctor may recommend a number of tests and procedures, including:

Neurological Exam.

neurological exam may include, among other things, checking your vision, hearing, balance, coordination, strength and reflexes.

MRI scan

Magnetic resonance spectroscopy .

may help your doctor evaluate the tumor and plan treatment.

Sometimes other imaging tests are recommended, including computerized tomography (CT). Positron emission tomography (PET) may be used for brain imaging, but is generally not as useful for creating images of brain cancer as it is for other types of cancer.

Tests to find cancer in other parts of your body. If it’s suspected that your brain tumor may be a result of cancer that has spread from another area of your body, your doctor may recommend tests and procedures to determine where the cancer originated. One example might be a CT or PET scan to look for signs of lung cancer.

stereotactic needle biopsy may be done for brain tumors in hard to reach areas or very sensitive areas within your brain that might be damaged by a more extensive operation. Your neurosurgeon drills a small hole into your skull. A thin needle is then inserted through the hole. Tissue is removed using the needle, which is frequently guided by CT or MRI scanning.

The biopsy sample is then viewed under a microscope to determine if it is cancerous or benign. Sophisticated laboratory tests can give your doctor clues about your prognosis and your treatment options.


Treatment for a brain tumor depends on the type, size and location of the tumor, as well as your overall health and your preferences.


If the brain tumor is located in a place that makes it accessible for an operation, your surgeon will work to remove as much of the brain tumor as possible.

Even removing a portion of the brain tumor may help reduce your signs and symptoms.

Surgery to remove a brain tumor carries risks, such as infection and bleeding. Other risks may depend on the part of your brain where your tumor is located. For instance, surgery on a tumor near nerves that connect to your eyes may carry a risk of vision loss.


The signs and symptoms of a brain tumor vary greatly and depend on the brain tumor’s size, location and rate of growth.

General signs and symptoms caused by brain tumors may include:

New onset or change in pattern of headaches

Headaches that gradually become more frequent and more severe

Vision problems, such as blurred vision, double vision or loss of peripheral vision

Personality or behavior changes

Gradual loss of sensation or movement in an arm or a leg

Difficulty with balance

Confusion in everyday matters

Seizures, especially in someone who doesn’t have a history of seizures

Hearing problems

Speech difficulties

Risk factors

In most people with primary brain tumors, the cause of the tumor is not clear. But doctors have identified some factors that may increase your risk of a brain tumor.

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