Acne

Acne is a disorder that causes outbreaks of skin lesions commonly called pimples. Acne lesions occur mostly on the face, neck, back, chest, and shoulders. It is the most common skin disease. Although acne is not a serious health threat, severe acne can lead to disfiguring and permanent scarring.

How does acne affect women?

Most young women and men will have at least a few pimples over the course of their lives. But acne seems to affect men and women in different ways. Young men are more likely to have a more serious form of acne. Acne in young women tends to be more random and linked to hormone changes, such as the menstrual cycle.

Stress does not cause acne. But, acne may be a side effect of some medicines used to treat stress or depression. And in some cases, the social and emotional impact of acne lesions causes stress.

There are many treatments for mild acne. Mild acne can consist of whiteheads, blackheads and small pustules. At home, you can wash your face twice per day with warm water and a gentle cleanser or soap. Your doctor may suggest you also try an over-the-counter lotion or cream. These medicines may make your skin dry if you use them too much. Be sure to follow the directions.

If your acne does not get better after six to eight weeks, talk with your doctor about changing your treatment

Acne

Acne vulgaris is the medical name for common acne — the presence of blackheads, whiteheads, and other types of pimples on the skin. The most common spots for breakouts are the face,

Acne is a common skin condition causing pimples and other abnormalities on the face and upper torso.

Acne is caused by a buildup of dead skin cells, bacteria, and dried sebum that blocks the hair follicles in the skin.

Bumps, such as blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, cysts, and sometimes abscesses, form on the skin, usually on the face, chest, shoulders, or back.

To diagnose acne, doctors examine the skin.

Common treatments include antibiotics and preparations applied to the skin for mild acne, antibiotics taken by mouth for moderate acne, and isotretinoin taken by mouth for severe acne.

Acne is the most common skin disease in the United States and affects 80% of the population at some point in life.

Symptoms

Most acne occurs on the face but is also common on the neck, shoulders, back, and upper chest. Anabolic steroid use typically causes acne on the shoulders and upper back.

There are three levels of acne severity:

  • Mild acne
  • Moderate acne
  • Severe acne

Reasons

  • Pregnancy or menstruation
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome
  • Certain drugs
  • Certain products applied to the skin
  • Too-tight clothing
  • High humidity and sweating

Fast facts on acne

Here are some facts about acne. More detail is in the main article.

Acne is a skin disease involving the oil glands at the base of hair follicles.

It affects 3 in every 4 people aged 11 to 30 years.

It is not dangerous, but it can leave skin scars.

Treatment depends on how severe and persistent it is.

Risk factors include genetics, the menstrual cycle, anxiety and stress, hot and humid climates, using oil-based makeup, and squeezing pimples.

Treatment

Treatment depends on how severe and persistent the acne is.

Diagnosis